Awareness on Coronaviruses (COVID-19)

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.

Symptoms of coronavirus infections

Coronavirus infections are common and typically lead to the common cold. The following symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure and are usually mild to moderate:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Respiratory symptoms: runny nose, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
  • Gastrointestinal disease is possible for young infants

How is the virus transmitted?

It’s likely that the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) originated in an animal species, and then spread to humans.

  • Person to person spread of the novel corona virus is reported.
  • Other human coronavirus strains are spread from person to person through contaminated droplets from a person who is sick with the illness (through coughing or sneezing) or contaminated hands.
  • Close contact with an infectious person, such as shaking hands, or touching a doorknob, tabletop or other surfaces touched by an infectious person, and then touching your nose, eyes, or mouth can also transmit the virus

What should one do if you feel sick?

If you have cold-like symptoms, you can help protect others by doing the following:

  • Stay home while sick.
  • Avoid close contact with others.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash and wash your hands
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces
  • The current guidance from Department of health recommends that you call a health care facility if you notice symptoms.

What if someone in my family gets sick?

Follow the same steps listed above if you think your children, or anyone else in your household, may be infected. Both the coronavirus and influenza are most dangerous to people who are over 65 or have chronic illnesses or a weak immune system. However, the flu appears far more dangerous to children, particularly very young ones. Children infected with the new coronavirus tend to have mild or no symptoms.

Protective Measures Against The New Coronavirus:

Protect you:

Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak from national and local public health authority.

Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:

Wash your hands frequently

Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.

Maintain social distancing

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Disinfect your mobile device screen twice per day

Clean your device at least twice daily, once at lunch and once at dinner time (or linked to another daily routine).

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

Practice respiratory hygiene

Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.

Protect your Family:

Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from COVID-19.

Stay home except to get medical care

You should restrict activities outside your home, except for getting medical care.

Separate yourself from other people and animals in your home

As much as possible, you should stay in a specific room and away from other people in your home. Also, you should use a separate bathroom, if available.

Call ahead before visiting your doctor

If you have a medical appointment, call the healthcare provider and tell them that you have or may have COVID-19. This will help the healthcare provider’s office take steps to keep other people from getting infected or exposed.

Wear a facemask

You should wear a facemask when you are around other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) or pets and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office.

Cover your coughs and sneezes

Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw used tissues in a lined trash can. Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or, if soap and water are not available, clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

Clean your hands often

Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing; going to the bathroom; and before eating or preparing food.

Avoid sharing personal household items

You should not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, or bedding with other people or pets in your home. After using these items, they should be washed thoroughly with soap and water.

Clean all “high-touch” surfaces everyday

High touch surfaces include counters, tabletops, doorknobs, bathroom fixtures, toilets, phones, keyboards, tablets, and bedside tables.

Monitor your symptoms

Seek prompt medical attention if your illness is worsening (e.g., difficulty breathing).

  • Before seeking care, call your healthcare provider
  • Tell them that you have, or are being evaluated for, COVID-19.
  • Put on a facemask before you enter the facility
  • Persons who are placed under active monitoring or facilitated self-monitoring should follow instructions provided by their local health department, as appropriate.
  • If you have a medical emergency and need to call the Health service provider.

Discontinuing home isolation

Patients with confirmed COVID-19 should remain under home isolation precautions until the risk of secondary transmission to others is thought to be low. The decision to discontinue home isolation precautions should be made on a case-by-case basis, in consultation with healthcare providers and state and local health departments.

A word to businesses:

It's important that companies encourage sick employees to stay home : Sick employees shouldn't return to work until their temperature has stayed below 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit (37.8 degrees Celsius) for at least 24 hours, without the help of fever-reducing or other symptom-altering medicine .

Make sure workplaces are squeaky clean, "Routinely clean all frequently touched surfaces in the workplace, such as workstations, countertops and doorknobs".

For More Updates Check https://www.moh.gov.om/en/corona